University of California at Riverside’s Bourns Engineering College. Dr. Cengiz Özkan and Prof. Dr. Mihrimah Ozkan’s research laboratory has tripled the performance of lithium ion batteries using sea sand. Today, many electronic lithium-ion batteries are used in mobile phones from mobile phones. Normally, graphite is used in the anode (-) poles. But researchers aimed to increase the efficiency of the pilots by using silicon at a millionth of a nanometer scale.